Thanks to the Fundación Canna (Canna Foundation), dedicated to the scientific research and analysis of Cannabis, with just a tiny amount of bud we are able to get an idea of the terpinoids contained in a variety.
It’s worth keeping in mind that growing conditions and method of preserving cannabis seeds can substantially change the amount of terpenoids in a sample, but this assessment works as a broader model.
This time we are analyzing a sample of Black Valley outdoor that has been air dried for three months without any type of preservation. Given this information, we can assume that the sample will have lost a large portion of its monoterpenes, which are extremely volatile, but relative proportions will still be present.
As we can observe, in the chromatographic analysis the relative proportion of monoterpenes shows a clear predominance in a-pinene monoterpenes at 52.4%, followed by b-pinene at 19.0%.
Following, we have attached a brief description of the pinene from Fundación Canna.
“Pinene is a common name used to refer to two bicyclic isomeric monoterpenes, alpha-pinene and beta-pinene, which are primary components of pine resin and that of other conifers, from which they get their name, although it is the terpene most widely found in nature.
In fact, it is not only found in the plant world, since the two compounds form part of the chemical communication system for insects, and act as insect repellent.
They have wide ranging antibiotic activity, including against pathogens which are resistant to antibiotics. One of the major therapeutic activities that they contain is as an anti-inflammatory, blocking the inflammatory signal of the prostaglandins in a way that is similar to myrcene. They also act as bronchodilators in humans when inhaled in low concentrations, and this effect may lead to greater cannabinoid absorption in the lungs when smoking or vaporizing cannabis with high concentrations of alfa and beta-pinene, augmenting the plasmatic concentrations, and thusly, the effect of the cannabinoids.
Alfa-pinene is a acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, possibly having favorable effects on memory and diminishing negative effects of THC (on memory), though there is only a hypothesis. Another part of alfa-pinene’s activity has been to serve as a biosynthetic base for binding to cannabinoid receptor CB2.
In different varieties of cannabis, pinene seems to be quite stable in its expression, forming around 10% and reaching a maximum of 15-20% of the composition of terpenes.”
As we can observe from this analysis, the Black Valley variety possesses a high relative proportion of this type of terpenoid which is more common in sativas, but in a clearly indica plant. It’s not suprising that it was chosen as one of the best varieties for pain in the BestFes contest, celebrated in Growmed de Valencia in 2013, given the properties of this type of terpenoid.
You can also check out our Terpinoid analysis for our Toxic marijuana seeds.